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S. 3305 - Supporting Graduate Medical Education at Community Hospitals Act of 2018

Introduced: 2018-07-31
Bill Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance.
 
Summary Not Available

Full Text


115th CONGRESS
2d Session
S. 3305


    To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to establish rules for payment for graduate medical education (GME) costs for hospitals that establish a new medical residency training program after hosting resident rotators for short durations.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 31, 2018

    Mr. Menendez (for himself and Mr. Booker) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance


A BILL

    To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to establish rules for payment for graduate medical education (GME) costs for hospitals that establish a new medical residency training program after hosting resident rotators for short durations.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Supporting Graduate Medical Education at Community Hospitals Act of 2018”.

SEC. 2. Findings.

Congress makes the following findings:

(1) Graduate Medical Education or “GME” training programs are of critical importance in developing the physician workforce.

(2) Current caps on GME training programs under Medicare have been in place since 1997.

(3) Hospitals seeking to launch GME training programs face barriers in establishing physician training programs in community hospitals.

SEC. 3. Medicare GME treatment of hospitals establishing new medical residency training programs after hosting medical resident rotators for short durations.

(a) Redetermination of approved FTE resident amount.—Section 1886(h)(2)(F) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395ww(h)(2)(F)) is amended—

(1) by inserting “(i)” before “In the case of”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

“(ii) In applying this subparagraph to a hospital that has not entered into a GME affiliation agreement (as defined by the Secretary for purposes of paragraph (4)(H)(ii)), the Secretary shall not provide for the establishment of an FTE resident amount until such time as the Secretary determines that the hospital has a medical residency training program that trains more than 1.0 full-time-equivalent resident in a cost reporting period.

“(iii) In the case of a hospital with an approved FTE resident amount—

“(I) based on the training of less than 1.0 full-time-equivalent resident before October 1, 1997, or

“(II) based on the training of no more than—

“(aa) for any cost reporting period beginning on or after October 1, 1996, and before October 1, 1997, 6.0 full-time-equivalent residents in a medical residency training program, or

“(bb) for any cost reporting period beginning on or after October 1, 1997, 3.0 full-time-equivalent residents in a medical residency training program, or

“(III) based on the training of no full-time-equivalent residents in a medical residency training program for any ten consecutive cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 1997,

the Secretary shall provide the hospital an opportunity to have a new FTE resident amount established when the hospital begins training at least 1.0 full-time-equivalent resident (in the case of a hospital described in subclauses (I or III)) or more than 3.0 full-time-equivalent residents (in the case of a hospital described in subclause (II)) for cost reporting periods beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this clause and in accordance with the methodology under the rules in effect as of October 1, 2015.”.

(b) Redetermination of FTE resident limitation.—Section 1886(h)(4)(H)(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395ww(h)(4)(H)(i)) is amended—

(1) by inserting “(I)” before “The Secretary”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

“(II) Under this clause the Secretary shall not determine an adjustment in the limitation applicable to a hospital under subparagraph (F) until the hospital trains more than 1.0 full-time-equivalent resident in a new medical residency training program in a cost reporting period.

“(III) In the case of a hospital that has a limitation under subparagraph (F) of less than 1.0 full-time-equivalent resident as of the date of the enactment of this subclause based on training before October 1, 1997, under this clause the Secretary shall provide the hospital an opportunity to have a new adjustment in such limitation determined when such hospital begins training at least 1.0 full-time-equivalent resident in accordance with the methodology applicable to hospitals under the rules in effect as of October 1, 2015, and applied for cost reporting periods beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this subclause.

“(IV) In the case of a hospital that has not reported full-time-equivalent residents in ten consecutive cost reporting periods subsequent to October 1, 1997, under this clause the Secretary shall provide the hospital an opportunity to have a new adjustment in such limitation determined when such hospital begins training at least 1.0 full-time-equivalent resident in accordance with the methodology applicable to hospitals under the rules in effect as of October 1, 2015, and applied for cost reporting periods beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this subclause.

“(V) In the case of a hospital for which an adjustment in the limitation applicable to a hospital under subparagraph (F) is based on the training of no more than 3.0 full-time-equivalent residents in a new medical residency training program in a cost reporting period beginning on or after October 1, 1997, and before the date of the enactment of this subclause, the Secretary shall provide the hospital an opportunity to have a new adjustment in such limitation determined when the hospital begins training more than 3.0 full-time-equivalent residents in accordance with the methodology applicable to hospitals under the rules in effect as of October 1, 2015, and applied for cost reporting periods beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this subclause.”.

(c) Effective date.—The amendments made by this section shall apply to payment under section 1886 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395ww) for cost reporting periods beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.


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