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S. 3028 - Americans Giving Care to Elders (AGE) Act of 2018

Introduced: 2018-06-07
Bill Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance.
 
Summary Not Available

Full Text


115th CONGRESS
2d Session
S. 3028


    To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide an income tax credit for eldercare expenses.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 7, 2018

    Ms. Klobuchar (for herself, Ms. Cortez Masto, and Ms. Hirono) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance


A BILL

    To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide an income tax credit for eldercare expenses.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Americans Giving Care to Elders (AGE) Act of 2018”.

SEC. 2. Credit for eldercare expenses.

(a) In general.—Subpart A of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting after section 25D the following new section:

“SEC. 25E. Expenses for eldercare.

“(a) Allowance of credit.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—In the case of an individual for which there are 1 or more qualifying individuals with respect to such individual, there shall be allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by this chapter for the taxable year an amount equal to the applicable percentage of the eldercare expenses paid by such individual during the taxable year.

“(2) APPLICABLE PERCENTAGE.—For purposes of paragraph (1), the term ‘applicable percentage’ means 20 percent, reduced (but not below zero) by 1 percentage point for each $4,000 (or fraction thereof) by which the taxpayer's adjusted gross income for the taxable year exceeds $120,000.

“(b) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—

“(1) QUALIFYING INDIVIDUAL.—The term ‘qualifying individual’ means an individual—

“(A) who has attained age 65,

“(B) who requires assistance with activities of daily living, and

“(C) who is, with respect to the taxpayer or the taxpayer's spouse—

“(i) the father or mother or an ancestor of such father or mother,

“(ii) the father-in-law or mother-in-law or an ancestor of such father-in-law or mother-in-law,

“(iii) the stepfather or stepmother or an ancestor of such stepfather or stepmother, or

“(iv) any other person who, for the taxable year, has the same principal place of abode as the taxpayer and is a member of the household of the taxpayer.

“(2) ELDERCARE EXPENSES.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘eldercare expenses’ means the following amounts paid for expenses relating to the care of a qualifying individual:

“(i) Medical care (as defined in section 213(d)(1), without regard to subparagraph D thereof).

“(ii) Lodging away from home in accordance with section 213(d)(2).

“(iii) Adult day care.

“(iv) Custodial care.

“(v) Respite care.

“(vi) Assistive technologies and devices (including remote health monitoring).

“(vii) Environmental modifications (including home modifications).

“(viii) Counseling or training for a caregiver.

“(B) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of subparagraph (A)—

“(i) ADULT DAY CARE.—The term ‘adult day care’ means care provided for adults with functional or cognitive impairments through a structured, community-based group program which provides health, social, and other related support services on a less than 24-hour basis.

“(ii) CUSTODIAL CARE.—The term ‘custodial care’ means reasonable personal care services provided to assist with daily living which do not require the skills of qualified technical or professional personnel.

“(iii) RESPITE CARE.—The term ‘respite care’ means planned or emergency care intended to provide temporary relief to a caregiver.

“(C) CARE CENTERS.—

“(i) IN GENERAL.—Eldercare expenses described in subparagraph (A) which are incurred for services provided outside the taxpayer's household by a care center shall be taken into account only if such center complies with all applicable laws and regulations of a State or unit of local government.

“(ii) CARE CENTER.—For purposes of this subparagraph, the term ‘care center’ means any facility which—

“(I) provides care for more than 6 individuals, and

“(II) receives a fee, payment, or grant for providing services for any of the individuals (regardless of whether such facility is operated for profit).

“(c) Dollar limitation.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—The amount of the eldercare expenses incurred during any taxable year which may be taken into account under subsection (a) shall not exceed $6,000.

“(2) COORDINATION WITH DEPENDENT CARE ASSISTANCE EXCLUSION.—The dollar amount in paragraph (1) shall be reduced by the aggregate amount excluded from gross income under section 129 for the taxable year, if any.

“(d) Special rules.—For purposes of this section—

“(1) PAYMENTS TO RELATED INDIVIDUALS.—No credit shall be allowed under subsection (a) for any amount paid to an individual with respect to whom, for the taxable year, a deduction under section 151(c) is allowable either to the taxpayer or the taxpayer's spouse. For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘taxable year’ means the taxable year of the taxpayer in which the service is performed.

“(2) IDENTIFYING INFORMATION REQUIRED WITH RESPECT TO SERVICE PROVIDER.—No credit shall be allowed under subsection (a) for any amount paid to any person unless—

“(A) the name, address, and taxpayer identification number of such person are included on the return claiming the credit, or

“(B) if such person is an organization described in section 501(c)(3) and exempt from tax under section 501(a), the name and address of such person are included on the return claiming the credit.

In the case of a failure to provide the information required under the preceding sentence, the preceding sentence shall not apply if it is shown that the taxpayer exercised due diligence in attempting to provide the information so required.

“(3) IDENTIFYING INFORMATION REQUIRED WITH RESPECT TO QUALIFYING INDIVIDUALS.—No credit shall be allowed under subsection (a) with respect to any qualifying individual unless the taxpayer identification number of such individual is included on the return claiming the credit.

“(e) Denial of double benefit.—No credit shall be allowed under subsection (a) for any amount with respect to which a credit is allowed under section 21.

“(f) Regulations.—The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.”.

(b) Clerical amendment.—The table of sections for subpart A of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 25D the following new item:

“Sec. 25E. Expenses for eldercare.”.

(c) Conforming amendments.—

(1) Section 213(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended—

(A) by inserting “or section 25E” after “section 21”, and

(B) by inserting “and elders” after “certain dependents” in the heading.

(2) Section 6213(g)(2) of such Code is amended—

(A) by inserting “, section 25E (relating to expenses for care of elders),” after “(relating to expenses for household and dependent care services necessary for gainful employment)” in subparagraph (H), and

(B) by inserting “, 25E” after “24” in subparagraph (L).

(d) Effective date.—The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.


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