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Ashanti Alert Act of 2018
This bill directs the Department of Justice (DOJ) to establish a national communications network—the Ashanti Alert communications network—to support regional and local search efforts for missing adults.
The Ashanti Alert communications network must operate in coordination with the AMBER Alert communications network (i.e., the communications network that supports search efforts for abducted children).
In the Senate of the United States,
December 6, 2018.
Resolved, That the bill from the House of Representatives (H.R. 5075) entitled “An Act to encourage, enhance, and integrate Ashanti Alert plans throughout the United States, and for other purposes.”, do pass with the following
This Act may be cited as the “Ashanti Alert Act of 2018”.
Kristen's Act (Public Law 106–468; 114 Stat. 2027) is amended—
(1) by inserting before section 2 (34 U.S.C. 40504) the following:
(3) in section 101(b), as so redesignated, by striking “this Act” and inserting “this title”;
(4) in section 102, as so redesignated, by striking “this Act” and inserting “this title”; and
(5) by adding at the end the following:
“In this title:
“(1) AMBER ALERT COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK.—The term ‘AMBER Alert communications network’ means the AMBER Alert communications network established under subtitle A of title III of the PROTECT Act (34 U.S.C. 20501 et seq.).
“(2) ASHANTI ALERT.—The term ‘Ashanti Alert’ means an alert issued through the Ashanti Alert communications network, related to a missing adult.
“(3) ASHANTI ALERT COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK.—The term ‘Ashanti Alert communications network’ means the national communications network established by the Attorney General under section 202(a).
“(4) ASHANTI ALERT COORDINATOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE; COORDINATOR.—The term ‘Ashanti Alert Coordinator of the Department of Justice’ or ‘Coordinator’ means the employee designated by the Attorney General to act as the national coordinator of the Ashanti Alert communications network under section 203(a).
“(5) ASHANTI ALERT PLAN.—The term ‘Ashanti Alert plan’ means a local element of the Ashanti Alert communications network.
“(6) INDIAN TRIBE.—The term ‘Indian Tribe’ means a federally recognized Indian Tribe or a Native village, Regional Corporation, or Village Corporation (as those terms are defined in section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602)).
“(A) is older than the age for which an alert may be issued through the AMBER Alert communications network in the State or territory of an Indian Tribe in which the individual is identified as a missing individual;
“(B) is identified by a law enforcement agency as a missing individual; and
“(C) meets the requirements to be designated as a missing adult, as determined by the State in which, or the Indian Tribe in the territory of which, the individual is identified as a missing individual.
“(8) STATE.—The term ‘State’ means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
“(a) In general.—The Attorney General shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, establish a national communications network within the Office of Justice Programs of the Department of Justice to provide assistance to regional and local search efforts for missing adults through the initiation, facilitation, and promotion of local elements of the network, in coordination with States, Indian Tribes, units of local government, law enforcement agencies, and other concerned entities with expertise in providing services to adults.
“(b) Integration with existing communications network.—In establishing the Ashanti Alert communications network under subsection (a), the Attorney General shall coordinate, when advisable, with missing person alert systems in existence as of the date of enactment of this title, such as the AMBER Alert communications network and Silver Alert communications networks.
“(a) National coordinator within Department of Justice.—The Attorney General shall designate an employee of the Office of Justice Programs of the Department of Justice to act as the national coordinator of the Ashanti Alert communications network.
“(1) work with States and Indian Tribes to encourage the development of additional Ashanti Alert plans in the network;
“(2) establish voluntary guidelines for States and Indian Tribes to use in developing Ashanti Alert plans that will promote compatible and integrated Ashanti Alert plans throughout the United States, including—
“(A) a list of the resources necessary to establish an Ashanti Alert plan;
“(B) criteria for evaluating whether a situation warrants issuing an Ashanti Alert, taking into consideration the need for the use of Ashanti Alerts to be limited in scope because the effectiveness of the Ashanti Alert communications network may be affected by overuse, including criteria to determine—
“(i) whether the mental capacity of an adult who is missing, and the circumstances of his or her disappearance, including any history of domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse, or human trafficking, warrant the issuance of an Ashanti Alert; and
“(ii) whether the individual who reports that an adult is missing is an appropriate and credible source on which to base the issuance of an Ashanti Alert;
“(C) a description of the appropriate uses of the Ashanti Alert name to readily identify the nature of search efforts for missing adults; and
“(D) recommendations on how to protect the privacy, dignity, independence, autonomy, and safety of any missing adult who may be the subject of an Ashanti Alert;
“(3) develop proposed protocols for efforts to recover missing adults and to reduce the number of adults who are reported missing, including protocols for procedures that are needed from the time of initial notification of a law enforcement agency that the adult is missing through the time of the return of the adult to family, guardian, or domicile, as appropriate, including—
“(A) public safety communications protocol;
“(B) case management protocol;
“(C) command center operations;
“(D) reunification protocol;
“(E) incident review, evaluation, debriefing, and public information procedures; and
“(F) protocols for declining to issue an Ashanti Alert;
“(4) work with States and Indian Tribes to ensure appropriate regional coordination of various elements of the network;
“(5) establish an advisory group to assist States, Indian Tribes, units of local government, law enforcement agencies, and other entities involved in the Ashanti Alert communications network with initiating, facilitating, and promoting Ashanti Alert plans, which shall include—
“(A) to the maximum extent practicable, representation from the various geographic regions of the United States; and
“(i) representatives of adult citizen advocacy groups, law enforcement agencies, victim service providers (as defined in section 40002(a) of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12291(a)), and public safety communications;
“(ii) broadcasters, first responders, dispatchers, and radio station personnel; and
“(iii) representatives of any other individuals or organizations that the Coordinator determines are necessary to the success of the Ashanti Alert communications network; and
“(A) the development of the network; and
“(B) regional coordination of alerts for missing adults through the network.
“(1) COORDINATION WITH OTHER AGENCIES.—The Coordinator shall coordinate and consult with the Secretary of Transportation, the Federal Communications Commission, the Assistant Secretary for Aging of the Department of Health and Human Services, and other appropriate offices of the Department of Justice, including the Office on Violence Against Women, in carrying out activities under this title.
“(2) STATE, TRIBAL, AND LOCAL COORDINATION.—The Coordinator shall consult with local broadcasters and State, Tribal, and local law enforcement agencies in establishing minimum standards under section 204 and in carrying out other activities under this title, as appropriate.
“(A) the activities of the Coordinator; and
“(B) the effectiveness and status of the Ashanti Alert plan of each State or Indian Tribe that has established or is in the process of establishing such a plan.
“(A) a list of each State or Indian Tribe that has established an Ashanti Alert plan;
“(B) a list of each State or Indian Tribe that is in the process of establishing an Ashanti Alert plan;
“(i) the number of Ashanti Alerts issued;
“(ii) the number of missing adults located successfully;
“(iii) the average period of time between the issuance of an Ashanti Alert and the location of the missing adult for whom the Alert was issued;
“(iv) the State or Tribal agency or authority issuing Ashanti Alerts, and the process by which Ashanti Alerts are disseminated;
“(v) the cost of establishing and operating the Ashanti Alert plan;
“(vi) the criteria used by the State or Indian Tribe to determine whether to issue an Ashanti Alert; and
“(vii) the extent to which missing adults for whom Ashanti Alerts were issued crossed State lines or territorial borders of an Indian Tribe;
“(D) actions States and Indian Tribes have taken to protect the privacy and dignity of the missing adults for whom Ashanti Alerts are issued;
“(E) ways that States and Indian Tribes have facilitated and improved communication about missing adults between families, caregivers, law enforcement officials, and other authorities; and
“(F) any other information the Coordinator determines to be appropriate.
“(1) the issuance of alerts through the Ashanti Alert communications network; and
“(2) the extent of the dissemination of alerts issued through the Ashanti Alert communications network.
“(1) DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION.—The minimum standards established under subsection (a) shall, to the maximum extent practicable (as determined by the Coordinator in consultation with State, Tribal, and local law enforcement agencies), provide for the dissemination of appropriate information relating to the special needs of a missing adult (including health care needs) to the appropriate law enforcement, public health, and other public officials.
“(2) GEOGRAPHIC AREAS.—The minimum standards established under subsection (a) shall, to the maximum extent practicable (as determined by the Coordinator in consultation with State, Tribal, and local law enforcement agencies), provide that the dissemination of an alert through the Ashanti Alert communications network shall be limited to the geographic areas that the missing adult could reasonably reach, considering—
“(A) the circumstances and physical and mental condition of the missing adult;
“(B) the modes of transportation available to the missing adult; and
“(C) the circumstances of the disappearance.
“(A) suffers from a proven mental or physical disability, as documented by a source determined credible by an appropriate law enforcement agency; or
“(i) that the physical safety of the missing adult may be endangered; or
“(ii) that the disappearance of the missing adult may not have been voluntary, including an abduction or kidnapping.
“(A) ensure that alerts issued through the Ashanti Alert communications network comply with all applicable Federal, State, Tribal, and local privacy laws and regulations;
“(B) include standards that specifically provide for the protection of the civil liberties and sensitive medical information of missing adults; and
“(C) include standards requiring, as appropriate, a review of relevant court records, prior contacts with law enforcement, and other information relevant to the missing adult or the individual reporting, in order to provide protections against domestic violence.
“(5) STATE, TRIBAL, AND LOCAL VOLUNTARY COORDINATION.—In establishing minimum standards under subsection (a), the Coordinator may not interfere with the system of voluntary coordination between local broadcasters and State, Tribal, and local law enforcement agencies for purposes of regional and local search efforts for missing adults that was in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this title.
“The minimum standards established under section 204(a), and any other guidelines and programs established under section 203, shall be adoptable on a voluntary basis only.
“The Coordinator shall make available to States, Indian Tribes, units of local government, law enforcement agencies, and other concerned entities that are involved in initiating, facilitating, or promoting Ashanti Alert plans, including broadcasters, first responders, dispatchers, public safety communications personnel, and radio station personnel—
“(1) training and educational programs related to the Ashanti Alert communications network and the capabilities, limitations, and anticipated behaviors of missing adults, which the Coordinator shall update regularly to encourage the use of new tools, technologies, and resources in Ashanti Alert plans; and
“(2) informational materials, including brochures, videos, posters, and websites to support and supplement the training and educational programs described in paragraph (1).
“There is authorized to be appropriated to the Attorney General $3,000,000 to carry out the Ashanti Alert communications network as authorized under this title for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2022.”.
Section 609Y(a) of the Justice Assistance Act of 1984 (34 U.S.C. 50112(a)) is amended by striking “September 30, 2021” and inserting “September 30, 2022”.Attest: